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Published July 2021 | Version v1.0.0
Journal Article Open

Resumption of Sport at the United States Olympic and Paralympic Training Facilities During the COVID-19 Pandemic

  • 1. ROR icon MedStar Health
  • 2. ROR icon United States Olympic & Paralympic Committee
  • 3. ROR icon Indiana University
  • 4. ROR icon Northwestern University
  • 5. ROR icon University of Washington
  • 6. ROR icon National Jewish Health
  • 7. ROR icon Massachusetts General Hospital


In this brief report, we describe the safety of reopening US Olympic and Paralympic Training facilities (USOPTFs) during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic from July 2020 through October 2020. We evaluated the prevalence of COVID-19 infection at the time of reentry and cardiopulmonary sequelae of COVID-19 in elite athletes. All athletes returning to a USOPTF were required to go through a reentry protocol consisting of an electronic health history, a 6-day quarantine including twice-daily symptom surveys, COVID-19 polymerase chain reaction and antibody testing, physical examination, 12-lead electrocardiogram, high-sensitivity cardiac troponin I, and pulmonary function testing. Athletes with current or prior COVID-19 infection also underwent an echocardiogram, cardiology consultation, and additional testing as indicated. All athletes followed rigorous infection prevention measures and minimized contact with the outside community following reentry. At the time of this report, 301 athletes completed the reentry protocol among which 14 (4.7%) tested positive for active (positive polymerase chain reaction test, n = 3) or prior (positive antibody test, n = 11) COVID-19 infection. During the study period, this cohort accrued 14,916 days living and training at USOPTFs. Only one (0.3%) athlete was subsequently diagnosed with a new COVID-19 infection. No cardiopulmonary pathology attributable to COVID-19 was detected. Our findings suggest that residential elite athlete training facilities can successfully resume activity during the COVID-19 pandemic when strict reentry and infection prevention measures are followed. Dissemination of our reentry quarantine and screening protocols with COVID-19 mitigation measures may assist the global sports and medical community develop best practices for reopening of similar training centers.


original_citation: Shah AB, Nabhan D, Chapman R, Chiampas G, Drezner J, Olin JT, Taylor D, Finnoff JT, Baggish AL. Resumption of Sport at the United States Olympic and Paralympic Training Facilities During the COVID-19 Pandemic. Sports Health-a Multidisciplinary Approach. 2021;13(4):359-363.


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